The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles that help to stabilize the shoulder joint. These muscles and their associated tendons can become worn and tear from overuse. The symptoms of a rotator cuff injury can include...
Conservative treatments for rotator cuff injury include rest, physical therapy, and resistance training to strengthen the rotator cuff muscles. Strong and active rotator cuff muscles are better at stabilizing the shoulder joint and reduce the risk of shoulder impingement.
In cases where the tear is significant and conservative treatments are not enough, surgery to repair the torn tendons may be an option. Rotator cuff repair surgery usually consists of placing suture overtop of the torn tendon and securing it to the bone using suture anchors. This procedure is typically done arthroscopically.
The labrum is a ridge of cartilage that lines the glenoid and provides stability to the shoulder joint. The labrum can become torn from trauma in sports, falls, or other forceful impacts to the shoulder as well as overuse of the shoulder.
Conservative treatments for a labral tear include rest, physical therapy, and resistance training to strengthen the muscles of the shoulder.
In cases where the labral does not heal on its own, surgery may be required. Labral repair surgery (sometimes referred to as a SLAP repair) aims to secure the labrum back to the glenoid using suture and suture anchors in an arthroscopic procedure.